frequently asked questions

Terminology/term help


  • 1 - Terminology/term help

  • 2 - KudoZ

    You may also be interested in:

  • a brief introduction to KudoZ

  • your KudoZ dashboard-- managing your notifications for KudoZ

  • how KudoZ PRO points can boost your directory ranking

  • the new Glossary-building KudoZ (GBK)

  • 2.1 - KudoZ: general

  • 1.1 - Èo je to KudoZ?

    KudoZ je sie pre terminologickú pomoc. Prostredníctvom KudoZ si užívatelia vzájomne, a tiež hosom, bezplatnú pomoc pri preklade nároèných termínov. Pozrite si náš flash úvod, kde sa dozviete viac.

  • 1.2 - Glossary of KudoZ terms

    Question: The request for help posted by the asker, including at least a language pair, a field of expertise, a term and context information.

    Action buttons: Buttons located below the question that offer users access to several areas described below. The buttons are:

    Answer: Reply in the target language to the asked term, including at least the translation of the term, an explanation and the answerer's confidence level.

    Reference comment: This area is accessed with the "Post reference" button and should be used to provide information which is not in itself an answer, but which may be helpful to either the asker or other answerers. The information submitted in this way will not be subject to consideration as "best" or "most helpful", and points will not be received.

    Discussion area: This area is accessed with the "Post discussion" button and should be used for requests and additional exchanges of context information and for linguistic discussions on the question. This area should not be used to comment on answers (see rule 3.4 ) or on participants see rule 3.7). In GBK it also allows participation of users who do not meet the criteria to answer.

    Grading: The process by which the asker reviews the suggestions and awards points to the answerer who provided the translation deemed by the asker to be the most useful.

    Peer comment: A comment made by a site user concerning his agreement or disagreement with a translation suggested by a peer. Peer comments must be based on linguistic considerations and said considerations must be provided in case of disagree or neutral comments. This is the only valid way to comment on a KudoZ answer.

    Asker: A person in need of translation assistance who posts a term or phrase, providing context and the desired target language.

    Answerer: A site user who provides an answer to a KudoZ question.

    Reference poster: A site user who provides a reference comment.

    KudoZ editors: Non-moderator site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions.

  • 1.3 - Ako funguje?

    „Transakcia“ KudoZ zahròuje tri kroky:
    (1) Osoba, ktorá potrebuje pomoc pri preklade, vyvesí termín alebo slovné spojenie, prièom uvedie kontext a želaný cie¾ová jazyk.
    (2) Užívate¾ portálu navrhne preklad, uvedenie vysvetlenie a prípadne nejaké referencie.
    (3) Pýtajúci sa posúdi návrhy a udelí 1 až 4 body tomu užívate¾ovi portálu, ktorého preklad je považovaný za najužitoènejší alebo najpresnejší.

  • 1.4 - Naèo sú dobré body KudoZ?

    Niektorí èlenovia používajú body KudoZ na oznaèenie prekladate¾ov príznakom na úèely ïalšej kvalifikácie. Významom uvedeného je, že ak si vyžadujete služby prekladate¾a, ktorí sa rozumie medicíne, osoba, ktorá získala 300 bodov za medicínske otázky, môže by vhodným prvým kandidátom.

  • 1.5 - ODPOVEÏ: Ako sa aktualizujú body KudoZ?

    Súèty bodov KudoZ zobrazované na niektorých miestach na portáli sa aktualizujú raz za deò, prièom na iných miestach sa aktualizujú v reálnom èase. Preto môžu by prítomný doèasný nesúlad, avšak náprava sa vykoná pri spoèítaní všetkých bodov raz za deò.

    Èlenovia si môžu vyvola, aby systém aktualizoval ich body v reálnom èase. Choïte na stránku súhrnu bodov KudoZ a kliknite na „Aktualizova súèet bodov teraz“.

  • 1.6 - Do I earn any KudoZ points by answering KudoZ questions?

    No. KudoZ points are only earned if one of your answer to any KudoZ question is selected by the asker or automatically by the system based on peer agreement.

  • 1.7 - Aké sú pravidlá pre úèas na KudoZ?

    Pozrite pravidlá KudoZ: Všeobecné pravidlá, Pravidlá pre kladenie otázok a Pravidlá pre odpovedanie a uskutoèòovanie komentárov kolegami

  • 1.8 - Can friends, family members or close associates participate in my KudoZ questions or answers?

    Participation in KudoZ questions, particularly using the peer comment system to "boost" an answer, or in asking and answering to gain KudoZ points, should not be carried out among the profiles of friends, family or close associates, in order to maintain a certain level of transparency in the KudoZ arena. In cases where interacting profiles are shown to be of this type, a mutual block may be applied to the profiles (this blocks the interaction between specific profiles only, not participation in KudoZ at large) to ensure fairness.

    See also general site rule 2 for more on why this policy may be enforced.

    Access to networking features, which potentially affect other members, may be modified or revoked at the discretion of the team. In particular, KudoZ interaction between profiles may be blocked at the discretion of site staff at any time as a safeguard to preserve the positive, results-oriented atmosphere of KudoZ.

  • 1.9 - ODPOVEÏ: Èo mám robi, ak sa porušujú pravidlá KudoZ?

    Ak sa porušujú pravidlá KudoZ, mali by ste danú skutoènos oznámi moderátorovi danej jazykovej kombinácie. Zoznam moderátorov je k dispozícii tu.

    Pri kontaktovaní moderátora kvôli oznámeniu porušenia pravidiel KudoZ nezabudnite prosím uvies všetky relevantné informácie, vrátane odkazov na konkrétne otázky atï.

  • 1.10 - Èím sa riadia kategórie KudoZ?

    Otázky KudoZ možno kategorizova pomocou zoznamu oblastí s približne 100 položkami. Zoznam, ktorý bol vytvorený štatisticky z tematických oblastí zadaných vo vo¾nom texte užívate¾mi nemá zámerne striktnú kategorizáciu. Napr., keïže jeden èlen môže ma na mysli „auto“, ïalší môže myslie na „vozidlo“, tak obidva názvy kategórie sú v zozname k dispozícii.

    Pamätajte na to, že hoci sa „dvojité“ kategórie, ako je táto, objavujú v zozname polí samostatne, do databázy sa zadávajú tým istým spôsobom. Takže nezáleží na to, ktorú ste zvolili – jednoducho vyberte prvú kategóriu, ktorá sa hodí pre váš termín.

    Tip: keï ste vo výberovom zozname, vo väèšine prehliadaèov vám staèí stlaèi písmeno kategórie, ktorú máte na mysli („a“ pre „autá“), až kým sa nedostanete k želanej kategórii.

  • 1.11 - Èo sa stane, ak otázka nie je ohodnotená?

    Ak otázka dostala odpovede, avšak nebola uzatvorená do troch dní, pýtajúcemu sa pošle e-mail, ktorý mu pripomenie potrebu ohodnotenia. Ak otázka ostáva otvorená po poslaní štyroch takýchto pripomenutí (poèas soby 2 týždòov), realizuje sa pokus na výber najlepšej odpovede automatickým spôsobom. „Robot na automatické ohodnocovanie“ uskutoèní svoj výber na základe èistého poètu „súhlasov“ od kolegov, ktoré dostala každá odpoveï pod¾a nasledujúcich pravidiel
    - Na to,a by sa odpoveï vzala do úvahy, musí ma minimálne dva „èisté súhlasy“ (súhlasy - nesúhlasy).
    - Vyberie sa odpoveï s najvyšším poètom èistých súhlasov. Ak dve odpovede majú ten istý poèet èistých súhlasov, vyberie sa tá, ktorá bola zadaná ako posledná. Toto je založené na predpoklade, že ak dve odpovede získajú ten istý poèet èistých súhlasov, potom tá, ktorá ho dosiahla v kratšom èase, môže by lepšia.

    Ak nijaká odpoveï nemá minimálne 2 èisté súhlasy, otázka zostáva otvorená.

  • 1.12 - Are askers able to close a question without awarding points?

    Yes. An asker may choose to do this when s/he has asked a question in error (misspelled term, etc.), when no answer was deemed helpful, when a better term was found elsewhere (and no answer was deemed helpful), or in other cases.

  • 1.13 - How often do askers close questions without awarding points?

    Less than 5% of the time.

  • 1.14 - Kde nájdem zoznam svojich predchádzajúcich otázok a odpovedí?

    Choïte na stránku svojho profilu a kliknite na kartu KudoZ. Èlenovia tu tiež uvidia možnos vyvolania aktualizácie svojich bodov KudoZ.

  • 1.15 - Can I see questions in language pairs not reported in my profile?

    Yes. You can see KudoZ questions in all language pairs by clicking on See more languages in the KudoZ questions page.

  • 1.16 - Za akých podmienok bude otázka KudoZ odstránená?

    Jestvuje približne desa možných dôvodov odobratia („umlèania“) otázky KudoZ. Tieto dôvody sú rozobrané v tomto èlánku.

  • 1.17 - What information can I see about a KudoZ asker?

    If you move your mouse over the asker's picture in a KudoZ question you will see a mouse-over message similar to the one pictured below:

    The following definitions apply:

    * Questions: the amount of questions posted by the asker.

    * Open: questions that remain open and have at least an answer not hidden and not declined by the asker.

    * Without valid answers: questions that remain open and that received no answers, or that received answers that were hidden, or declined by the asker.

    * Closed without grading: questions that were closed without grading by the asker after having received at least one answer not hidden.

    Squashed questions are not included in these statistics. If you want to get more information on the asker, a click on the asker's link will take you to the asker's profile.

  • 1.18 - Na èo slúži tlaèidlo „Hlasova za PRO“ alebo „Hlasova za non-PRO“?

    Pri otázke KudoZ oznaèenej ako „PRO“ môžu úèastníci hlasova o zmene jej oznaèenia na „non-PRO“ a opaène. Na preklasifikovanie otázky sú buï pre „PRO“, alebo „non-PRO“, potrebné tri hlasy.

  • 1.19 - When posting my question I selected by mistake the wrong level (PRO, non-PRO). What can I do?

    You should submit a support request to have this issue addressed by staff.

  • 1.20 - ODPOVEÏ: Nazdávam sa, že môj súèet bodov mal dnes stúpnu viac.

    Ak ste èlenom, je možné vyvola, aby systém aktualizoval vaše body v reálnom èase. Choïte na stránku súhrnu bodov KudoZ a kliknite na „Aktualizova súèet bodov teraz“. Ak ste registrovaným používate¾om, akýko¾vek rozdiel vo vašom súète bodov sa napraví do 24 hodín.

    Ak chcete skontrolova, èi vám boli alebo neboli udelené body za konkrétnu otázku, skontrolujte históriu odpovedí KudoZ vo svojom profile.

  • 1.21 - ODPOVEÏ: Jeden z mojich súètov bodov KudoZ zmizol. Ako je to možné?

    Je to možné z dôvodu zvolenia zníženia súètu bodov (celkové, PRO, pod¾a oblasti alebo pod¾a obdobia). Faktory, ktoré toto mohli spôsobi:

    - Otázka, za ktorú ste získali body bola umlèaná alebo nebola ohodnotená
    - Otázka úrovne „PRO“, za ktorú ste získali body, bola preklasifikovaná na otázku úrovne „non-PRO“ (èím sa znížil váš celkový poèet bodov za otázky úrovne „PRO“ a zvýšil váš celkový poèet bodov za otázky úrovne „non-PRO“)
    - Otázka, za ktorú ste získali body bola preklasifikovaná do inej oblasti odbornosti (èím sa zvýšil váš celkový poèet bodov v jednej oblasti a znížil celkový poèet bodov v inej oblasti)
    - Posuny èasu (potenciálne spôsobujúce, že sa váš celkový poèet bodov poèas posledných troch mesiacov znížil

    Ak sa pýtate konkrétne napr. na 8 odpovedí, za ktoré ste získali body vèera, môžete si skontrolova históriu odpovedí svojho profilu. Každá odpoveï by mala by zobrazená spolu so získanými bodmi.

  • 1.22 - ODPOVEÏ: Ako môžem zmeni to, èo sa zobrazuje v mojom súhrne bodov KudoZ na stránke môjho profilu?

    Užívatelia si môžu zvoli skrývanie urèitých druhov bodov KudoZ zo svojho súhrnu na tejto stránke:

  • 1.23 - What do the "ok" and "no" under the the "Gloss" (glossary) column in my KudoZ activity section indicate?

    The "ok" indicates that a glossary entry derived from the KudoZ question has been entered into the glossary.

    On the other hand, the "no" indicates that no glossary entry has been entered.

  • 1.24 - ODPOVEÏ: Musel som vytvori nový profil. Môžem si prenies body z môjho predošlého profilu.

    Áno, ak ste èlenom, personál podpory toto pre vás môže urobi. Pamätajte, že sa prenesú nielen vaše body, ale celá vaša história KudoZ (otázky, komentáre kolegov, poznámky atï.). Už nebudete ma prístup k starému profilu.

    Ak si želáte zlúèenie vašich profilov, odošlite požiadavku na podporu, v ktorej vyjadrite svoje želanie prenies vašu históriu KudoZ *z* jedného konkrétneho profilu *do* iného konkrétneho profilu. Ak je to možné, identifikujte profily èíslom (užívate¾ské meno postaèí

    Vo svojej požiadavke na podporu napíšte, že ste si vedomí, že tento krok nemožno vráti spä a že už nebudete ma prístup k profilu, z ktorého sa presúva história.

    Opätovne pripomíname, že táto možnos je k dispozícii iba èlenom.

  • 1.25 - Ako môže zabráni tomu, aby vyh¾adávanie termínov na neprepisovalo diakritiku a znaky s diakritikou?

    V niektorých prípadoch vyh¾adávanie termínov poskytuje obmedzenú možnos prepisova diakritiku a znaky s diakritikou (napr. vyh¾adávanie termínu „publica“ môže poskytnú výsledky obsahujúce taktiež „pública“). Ak chcete deaktivova túto funkciu, zvo¾te možnos „vyh¾ada presne zadané slovné spojenie“.

  • 1.26 - How can I enter a discussion entry?

    To enter a discussion entry you should click on the "Post discussion" button. A form will show to allow you to post a title and the body of your entry. These fields are limited to 50 and 1200 characters respectively (there is a counter to tell you how many characters you have left for the main field). There is a preview option and buttons for submitting the entry and for canceling the operation.

    Once your discussion entry has been entered, you will be able to edit it during the first 24 hours, or to delete it any time, by clicking on the icons displayed on the top right corner of the entry.

  • 1.27 - Navrhujem, aby sa za úèas v KudoZ vyžadovala platba. Toto opatrenie by zvýšilo kvalitu.

    V súèasnosti nemáme v pláne obmedzi používanie KudoZ na èlenov. Avšak máte k dispozícii možnos nastavi si preferencie zobrazovania a upovedomovania tak, aby ste videli iba otázky od èlenov. Taktiež je pri kladení otázky možné špecifikova možnos, aby odpovede pochádzali od èlenov.

  • 1.28 - Are KudoZ questions indexed by search engines?

    Yes. As with the public forums, KudoZ questions are indexed by search engines.

    Keep in mind that this can (and should) work in your favor. A series of excellent KudoZ answers, or of helpful, professional forum posts, boost your web visibility to potential clients, and may also give them a further means of evaluating you as a translator and as a professional.

  • 1.29 - What do the time references next to the confidence level and in the peer section indicate?

    They indicate the time elapsed from the moment the question was asked until the other action "answer", "peer comment" took place. The times shown are measured in relation to moment the question was asked.

  • 1.30 - Can the asker enter in the glossary a term different from the one suggested in the selected question?

    Yes. Points are (or should be) given to the most helpful answer, while the best possible term should be entered in the glossary, even if it was not suggested by the answerer who won the points.

    Imagine for instance that you ask for a difficult technical term and get several similar alternatives, but one of the answers provided a very clear explanation that helped you understand the meaning of the term and its usage. Then you could pick another of the alternatives, and still consider this the most helpful answer.

    It is also possible for askers to find the best term on their own and enter a term that was suggested in none of the answers provided, but still select a most helpful answer.

  • 1.31 - A user in my sub-community regularly posts bad answers and they are sometimes selected and I am concerned that the glossary will deteriorate. Many valuable colleagues are of the same opinion and several of them have abandoned KudoZ. What can be done?

    The system includes the "disagree" feature. If answers considered invalid receive several disagrees based on linguistic (not personal) comments, then the amount of "bad" answers is likely to be reduced.

  • 1.32 - I was the first to provide the right answer to a KudoZ question and then other user provided the same answer adding few more explanations and received the points (instead of agreeing to my answer). Is this allowed?

    Askers have the right to select the answers they consider most helpful to their questions.
    There is nothing wrong in taking the time to provide the best possible answer, including references and explanations, even if a term has been already suggested. Limiting this right would turn KudoZ into a race to post a term with little or no explanations, and it would discourage better researched and more complete answers.

  • 1.33 - How does the first validated answer mode work?

    Askers have the option of asking questions in "first validated answer" (FVA) mode. When the FVA option is selected, instead of multiple answers being submitted and the asker selecting the one that is most helpful, the goal is for one correct translation to be agreed upon by the answerer community. An FVA question is therefore considered closed as soon as one answer gets two net agrees (in top pairs, two net agrees must come from users who meet the criteria for the question).

    The effect for askers is that they can ask a question, and some time later be sent an answer that has been validated. It is considered that this option to "leave the decision to the pros" may appeal to some askers, particularly those who do not speak the target language. Various other possibilities may also be presented by this new approach.

    Note that FVA questions are always not-for-points, and that they are targeted at those who work in the language pair, have expressed at least an interest in the selected field, and are native in the target language when the question is in a top pair. (However, others are not prevented from answering.)

  • Main - Top

  • 2.2 - Asking

  • 2.1 - Èo predstavuje „terminologickú pomoc“, tak ako je to definované v pravidle,1#1,1?

    Otázky KudoZ sa môžu používa na vyžiadanie pomoci pri terminológii alebo ustálených slovných spojeniach.

    Zoskupenie slov (maximálne do 10) by sa malo vyvesi v jedinej otázke iba vtedy, ak predstavuje nedelite¾nú jednotku, ako je ustálené slovné spojenie (napr. „vyzná sa vo všetkom, ale v nièom poriadne“).

    Pýtajúci sa tiež môžu vyvesova vety so žiadosou o pomoc pri pochopení významu, poradia slov alebo gramatických otázok, avšak toto treba robi v príslušnej jednojazyènej kombinácii. Jednojazyèné otázky KudoZ sa možno pýta zvolením toho istého jazyka tak pre zdrojový, ako aj pre cie¾ový jazyk.

  • 2.2 - What is the meaning of "one term is allowed per question" in KudoZ rule 2.1?

    Unless they share a root or are otherwise related, terms should be posted separately--an asker should not ask how to say "apple" and "banana" in the same question. This means that a question such as "flotsam/jetsam/derelict" in a context of maritime law would be not valid, since the terms are independent and should posted in three separate questions. On the other hand, "the flotsam and jetsam of the inner city" would be OK, as the terms flotsam and jetsam are related in a unit of meaning. Other examples of valid KudoZ questions are: "screen / screening" (they share a root), "Many levels in this game were heavily tuned for smoothness" (terms related as a unit of meaning in a particular context).

  • 2.3 - OTÁZKA: Jestvuje nejaký limit, èo sa týka poètu otázok, ktoré môžem položi?

    Áno. Váš denný limit (meraný poèas posunujúceho sa 24-hodinového cyklu) závisí od vašej úrovne èlenstva. Ak nie ste zaregistrovaní na, môžete položi (1) otázku denne. Ak ste zaregistrovaní, avšak nie ste èlenom, môžete položi pä (5) otázok. Ak ste èlenom, môžete položi pätnás (15) otázok. Stanovené sú tiež týždenné limity vo výške 20 otázok pre registrovaných neèlenov a 60 otázok pre èlenov. Ak ste položili desa (10) otázok, ktoré dostali platné odpovede a sú otvorené dlhšie ako týždeò, nebudete ma možnos klás ïalšie otázky. Ak chcete klás ïalšie, prosím ohodnote a uzatvorte tieto otázky.

  • 2.4 - What happens if I ask questions beyond the daily or weekly limits?

    When you ask questions beyond the limits corresponding to your membership status, these extra questions are added to the KudoZ question queue and they will be made visible automatically when enough time has elapsed for the question to be within asking limits.

    When this happens you will see a message like this one:

    When you click to see your queue, you will see a table like this one:

    Members have higher limits and can request limit waivers via the support system.

  • 2.5 - OTÁZKA: Mám vo zvyku zhromažïova si terminologické otázky na koniec projektu. Jestvuje nejaký spôsob, ako sa môžem vtesna do limitu?

    Sme presvedèení, že limit vo výške pätnás (15) otázok na deò) je dostatoène vysoký pre väèšinu ¾udí. Rozložením svojich otázok napr. na posledné dva dni projektu môžete takto položi tridsa (30) otázok. Ak potrebujete viac a ste èlenom, môžete požiada personál podpory, aby vám poskytol doèasnú výnimku.

  • 2.6 - Can I post a question in more than one language pair?

    It is not possible to post a single question in different language pairs. However, several questions in different language pairs may be posted for a single term.

  • 2.7 - OTÁZKA: Môžem položi jednojazyènú otázku KudoZ?

    Áno, avšak na tento úèel nie je v oblasti KudoZ nijaká špecifická èas. Na to, ak chcete položi otázku iba v jednom jazyku (napr.: zo Slovenèiny do Slovenèiny), treba ís na Položi otázku na karte KudoZ. Potom vo formulári kliknite na „Zobrazi viac jazykov“. Uvidíte dva zoznamy, v ktorých si môžete zvoli želaný jazyk dvakrát. Takýmto spôsobom bude daná otázka jednojazyènou.

  • 2.8 - OTÁZKA: Nie som si istý, èi by otázka mala by klasifikovaná ako otázka úrovne non-PRO alebo PRO. V èom je rozdiel?

    Keïže je možné, že nejestvuje nijaký spôsob stanovenia nejakej jednoznaènej deliacej èiary, pre dva druhy otázok boli prijaté nasledujúce vymedzenia:

    Otázky úrovne PRO sú tie, ktoré kladie ALEBO ktoré sú vhodné pre profesionálnych prekladate¾ov.

    Otázky úrovne non-PRO sú tie, ktoré kladú tí, ktorí nie sú profesionálni prekladatelia a na ktoré môžu odpoveda ¾ubovo¾ná osoba ovládajúca dva jazyky bez pomoci slovníka

    Pri uplatòovaní vyššie uvedených vymedzení sa odosobnite od svojho vlastného pozadia/špecializácie a majte na mysli hypoteticky náhodne zvolenú osobu ovládajúcu dva jazyky. Je pravdepodobné, že táto osoba by bola schopná vyprodukova dobrý preklad daného termínu alebo slovného spojenia (a to v konkrétne uvedenom kontexte) len tak z hlavy? Ak nie, potom ide o otázku úrovne PRO.

    K dispozícii je èlánok, ktorý sa týmto zaoberá podrobnejšie.

  • 2.9 - What should I do if I don't have context to include in my KudoZ question?

    There is always some context to provide, such as information about the type of customer (an oil company? a plumber? a dentist? ), the type of document you are translating, the subject, etc.

    Even in the extreme case of posting an item in a list there is hope. Imagine a question posted as:

    Question: quolly
    Fields: Law/Patents - Other
    Context: It's in a list - (sorry but) no context available.

    Now with a deeper understanding of what context is and what purpose it serves, some questions may elicit useful information and, quite possibly, lead to a valid answer.

    For example:

    - What does the patent describe? And if it's a revolutionary ion engine for spacecraft, change the fields to Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design.

    - What is the purpose of the list? There's a big difference of context between a list of engine parts and a list of tools used to assemble an engine.

    - What are the adjacent items in the list? Very often lists contain related terms, and to an expert the meaning of the obscure term may well be clear when seen along with the other items.

    - What is the country of origin of the text, and/or of its author? Words are often misused by non-native speakers.

    - Does the overall quality of the source text suggest the problem term is 'just another typo or scanno' in a text riddled with rubbish or is it, on the contrary, a real term that's probably being used correctly.

    Armed with that meaningful context we have a new question, such as:

    Question: quolly
    Fields: Tech/Enginnering - Space/Aeronautics - Ion engine design
    Context: It's in a list of tools used in the assembly of spacecraft engines, mentioned in the patent for a revolutionary ion engine.
    The rest of the text seems to be well-written by a native English-speaker (from a well-known manufacturing company in the UK), so I don't think it's an error in the source text.

    Of course, this doesn't guarantee there will be a valid answer, but at least that will not be for "no context".

  • 2.10 - OTÁZKA: Môžem prida ïalšie informácie k mojej otázke? Môžem ju upravova?

    Otázku nemôžete upravova, avšak môžete pridáva poznámky. Na stránke otázky sa zobrazí formulár. (Ak otázku neviete nájs, použite odkaz v e-mailovom potvrdení.)

  • 2.11 - Can KudoZ askers direct their questions to specific site users?

    Yes. When posting a KudoZ question, askers are given the option to restrict their KudoZ questions by 1) profile information (native language, language pair and field) and 2) membership status. If the asker selects the option "Only members may answer" when posting his/her question, the "Answer" button will not be visible to non-members and the following message will show to them:

    The asker has directed this question specifically to users who:
    ... are members (You do not appear to be) Join >

    If the asker specifies a restriction connected with native language, level of expertise in the specified language pair or level of expertise in the field, those that do not meet these criteria will be informed of this, but still invited to post an answer:

    The asker has directed this question specifically to users who:
    ... have expressed interest in this pair (You have)
    ... report a "specialty" level of expertise in the subject field (You have not) [Edit]
    ... are native speakers of Tonga (Nya) or Nzima (You have not reported that you are) [Edit]
    Although you do not meet the criteria, you may suggest a translation if you like

  • 2.12 - OTÁZKA: Môžem posla svoju otázku iba urèitým ¾uïom, ktorých poznám?

    Môžete tak urobi, ak ste (platiacim) èlenom

  • 2.13 - OTÁZKA: Preèo by som mal obmedzi otázku na urèitých ¾udí?

    Mnoho odpovedajúcich na KudoZ zistilo, ktorí èlenovia sa špecializujú na ktoré oblasti. Za daných okolností si zvolia konzultáciu priamo iba sa danými odborníkmi. Keï tak robia prostredníctvom KudoZ, tento proces sa stáva štandardizovanejším a pohodlnejším, prièom sa zabezpeèuje vedenie záznamu ponúknutých prekladov, v ktorom je možné vyh¾adávanie.

  • 2.14 - OTÁZKA: Preèo by som mal obmedzi prístup k otázke na urèité kategórie èlenov?

    Niekedy si pýtajúci sa želajú spätnú väzbu od konkrétnych skupín, napr. rodených hovoriacich, tých, ktorí pracujú v niektorej oblasti alebo iných vybraných kategórií èlenov Na podporu takejto preferencie je k dispozícii príslušná funkcia.

  • 2.15 - OTÁZKA: Ak položím otázku súkromne, t.j. obmedzím ju na jeden z mojich tímov, zobrazí sa aj ostatným? Bude ju možné vyh¾adáva v archívoch?

    Ak ste èlenom, máte možnos zvoli si zachovanie súkromného charakteru termínu. Ak ste registrovaný užívate¾, môžete si zvoli zachovanie súkromného charakteru termínu na dobu jedného mesiaca, po ktorej sa tento stane verejným a vyh¾adávate¾ným.

    Dôležitá poznámka: zabezpeèenie podobné bankovému sa pri KudoZ nepoužíva, a to ani pri súkromných otázkach. Prostredníctvom KudoZ by sa nemali vyvesova termíny citlivého charakteru, a to ani pri používaní možností na zachovanie súkromného charakteru.

  • 2.16 - I see a "squash" button under a KudoZ question I have posted, what does that mean?

    If you have posted a KudoZ term help question and it has not received an answer, you will have the option to "squash" or remove the question until it receives at least one answer. This allows users to remove mistakenly-posted questions without the assistance of a moderator or KudoZ editor.

  • 2.17 - OTÁZKA: Ako môžem poïakova odpovedajúci KudoZ ešte pred odmietnutím alebo ohodnotením.

    Môžete kliknú na meno danej osoby a napísa jej prostredníctvom stránky profilu. Takto jej bude poslaný e-mail.

    Ako odkaz na danú otázku KudoZ môžete použi jej príslušnú URL.

  • 2.18 - OTÁZKA: Ako ohodnotím svoju otázku KudoZ?

    Ak chcete ohodnoti svoju otázku KudoZ, musíte kliknú na odkaz „Vybra túto otázku ako najviac nápomocnú“ v okne pre odpoveï reakcie, ktorá bola najviac nápomocná. Keï kliknete na odkaz „Vybra túto otázku ako najviac nápomocnú“, zobrazí sa okno, ktoré vám umožní udeli vaše body KudoZ a vloži termín KudoZ do vášho glosára, Otvoreného glosára KudoZ (KOG) alebo do obidvoch.

  • 2.19 - I did not enter the term to the KOG at the time I graded my question, but I would like to enter it now. How can I do that?

    Simply click on the "gloss" button below the "Summary of answers provided" chart.

  • 2.20 - Can I grade my question less than 24 hours after posting it?

    KudoZ rule 2.10 recommends that askers allow at least twenty-four (24) hours to pass before closing a question.

    To select the most helpful answer, the asker clicks on the link in the selected answer:

    If less than 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the following window will open:

    If the asker chooses to wait until 24 hours have elapsed since the question was posted, the question will remain open and it will be graded normally by the asker.

    If, on the other hand, the asker chooses to select the most helpful answer at this time, a new window will open to allow them to enter their preferences:

    This window will allow the asker to select the most helpful answer, to assign points to it and to post a grading comment. The asker also has the option to select and edit a glossary entry associated with this answer.

    If the asker does not select a glossary entry, the following message will be displayed:

    If the asker makes a glossary entry, the message will include the following information:

    Once this form is submitted, the question will remain open and new answers and peer comments can be added. About 72 hours after this submission, the system will grade the question in accordance with the following criteria:

    a) If none of the answers has a net peer grading (agrees minus disagrees) of 2 or more, then the option selected by the asker will be used.

    b) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and one of the answers has a net peer grading higher than the others, then this answer will be selected.

    c) If at least one answer has a net peer grading higher than 1 and two or more answers share the same top peer grading, the answer posted last will be selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.

    If the answer selected by the asker was chosen due to lack of votes or because the community voted for it, the amount of points, grading comment and (if entered) glossary entry selected by the asker will be chosen. If the asker did not make a glossary entry, one will be created automatically using the asked term and the suggested term.

    If a different answer from the one selected by the asker was chosen by the community, 4 points will be assigned to this answer and a glossary entry will be created using the asked term and the suggested term.

    After grading, the question will show the following message:

  • 2.21 - OTÁZKA: Stratil som svoj e-mailový potvrdzujúci odkaz pre KudoZ, ako teraz môžem ohodnoti otázku KudoZ?

    Ak ste stratili svoj e-mailový potvrdzujúci odkaz pre KudoZ, môžete získa ïalšiu kópiu buï tak, že sa spojíte s podporu cez online tiketový systém, resp. sa môžete spoji s moderátorom a požiada ho, aby vám poslal odkaz na vašu e-mailovú adresu. Pamätajte na to, že je dôležité, aby ste poslali URL KudoZ vašej otázky pri požadovaní ïalšieho e-mailového potvrdenia.

    Ak si nepamätáte URL KudoZ a pri odosielaní otázky ste neboli prihlásení, musíte sa spoji s podporou online, aby táto ohodnotila otázku za vás.

  • 2.22 - OTÁZKA: Môžem udeli body viac ako jednej odpovedi?

    Nie, môžete si zvoli iba jednu „najviac nápomocnú“ odpoveï.. Rozde¾ovanie bodov medzi odpovedajúcich sa už zvažovalo, avšak táto možnos sa zamietla z dôvodu relatívne nízkeho prospechu, ktorý by sa tým dosiahol, zložitosti implementácie správy bodov a tiež takých problémov, ako je napr. rozdelenie štyroch bodov medzi tri odpovede. Užitoèným vodidlom pre prípady, kedy sa neviete rozhodnú, je zvoli tú odpoveï, ktorá vám najviac pomohla. V prípade dvoch alebo viacerých rovnako nápomocných odpovedí môžete zvoli prvú (veci sa pre odpovedajúcich stávajú postupne jasnejšími).

  • 2.23 - Uzatvoril som otázku bez zvolenia najlepšej odpovede. Môžem otázku teraz znova otvori?

    Áno, mali by ste kliknú na tlaèidlo „ZRUŠI UZATVORENIE“. V prípade pochybností odošlite podporný tiket.

  • 2.24 - OTÁZKA: Ako môžem uzatvori otázku KudoZ, ktorú som položi a na ktorú ešte nebolo odpovedané?

    Na stránke vašej otázky kliknite na tlaèidlo „Ohodnoti“. Cezeò sa dostanete na ïalšiu stránku, kde by ste mali kliknú na tlaèidlo „Uzatvori bez ohodnotenia“. (poïakovanie: Michail Kropotov)

  • 2.25 - OTÁZKA: Ako môžem zabezpeèi, aby mi prestali chodi e-mailové pripomenutia na ohodnotenie svojich otázok?

    Prýtajúcim sa sa posielajú e-mailové pripomenutia na ohodnotenie otvorených otázok KudoZ s oprávnenými odpoveïami po uplynutí 5, 7, 9 a 11 dní od položenia otázky.

    Ak chcete presta prijíma tieto e-mailové pripomenutia, pýtajúci sa by mal urobi nasledujúce:

    - vyberte odpoveï, ktorá je najvic nápomocná;
    - uzatvorte otázku bez výberu odpovede (kliknite na tlaèidlá „Uzatvori“, „Uzatvori bez ohodnotenia“);
    - odmietnite všetky aktuálne odpovede, avšak nechajte otázku otvorenú pre príjem ïalších odpovedí. Ak chcete tak urobi, kliknite na „[Nijaká z týchto otázok nie je vhodná; nepripomína mi výber otázky]“ vo vrchnej èasti zoznamu odpovedí.

  • 2.26 - Aké je kritérium pre poèet bodov (1 – 4), ktoré by som mal udeli zvolenej odpovedi?

    Pri rozhodovaní o poète udelených bodov zvážte prosím ako usmernenie túto stupnicu:

    4: Odpoveï bola prijate¾ná, vysvetlenie bolo dobré, referencia bola poskytnutá (resp. nebola potrebná)
    3: Odpoveï bola prijate¾ná, vysvetlenie bolo dobré, avšak chýbala referencia
    2: Odpoveï bola prijate¾ná
    1: Odpoveï nejakým spôsobom pomohla

  • 2.27 - Points were awarded to an answer to my question but I would like to select another answer instead. How can I un-grade my question?

    To un-grade a question you have asked in order to award the points to the answer you found most helpful, you will need to first obtain the agreement of the answerer to whom the points have been given. Both you and the answerer should express this agreement either to the assigned moderator(s), or via support request.

  • 2.28 - I have included confidential information in a question. Can I have it removed?

    If you posted a KudoZ question that contains confidential information, please submit a support request, specifying the exact information you would like to have remove so that staff can remove this information for you.

  • Main - Top

  • 2.3 - Answering

  • 3.1 - ODPOVEÏ: Nevidím otázku KudoZ. Èo mám robi?

    Pošlite prosím URL a snímku obrazovky stránky podpore na!

  • 3.2 - ODPOVEÏ: Pri vyh¾adávaní otázok, ktoré pochádzajú iba od èlenov, pozorujem nieèo zvláštne.

    Používanie možnosti vyhradenia iba pre èlenov (dostupná po „druh pýtajúceho sa“ na stránke zoznamu KudoZ ) obmedzí zobrazené otázky na tie, ktoré boli položené užívate¾mi, ktorí boli èlenmi *v èase položenia otázky*. Keïže kategória èlenstva pýtajúcich sa bola zaznamenaná iba nedávno, poèet výsledkov bude malý. Dojem, že nieèo nie je v poriadku, môže vytvára tiež existencia rozlièných foriem èlenstva (plné, èiastoèné) a skutoènos, že niektoré èlenstvá stratia platnos.

  • 3.3 - Ak je otázky uzatvorená a boli udelené body, môže na òu naïalej odpoveda?

    Keï boli udelené body, otázka je už uzatvorená, avšak aj po jej uzatvorení môžete na òu odpoveda.
    Má to taký význam, že vám chceme umožni poskytnú pýtajúcemu sa maximálnu možnú pomoc, a to aj vtedy, keï sa tento rozhodol, že už našiel najlepšiu odpoveï na svoju otázku.

  • 3.4 - ODPOVEÏ: Môžem upravova odpoveï, ktorú som dal na KudoZ otázku?

    Nie. Úprava odpovede by nebola férová voèi ostatným odpovedajúcim. Skúste zváži pridanie komentára k odpovedi. V niektorých prípadoch môže odpovedajúci nesprávnu odpoveï skry a miesto nej vyvesi správnu odpoveï.

  • 3.5 - ODPOVEÏ: Preèo sa v mojich oknách pre odpoveï objavuje slovo „Skry“?

    Máte možnos skrýva svoje vlastné odpovede. Toto slúži na stiahnutie odpovedí.

  • 3.6 - ODPOVEÏ: Ako môžem zruši skrytie odpovede, ktorú som predtým skryl?

    Odpovede, ktoré boli skryté, už nemožno opätovne zobrazi. Odkaz „Skry odpoveï“ by ste mali použi iba vtedy, ak si želáte skry vašu odpoveï natrvalo.

  • 3.7 - If I hide my answer and submit a new one, is this against site rules for answering?

    Posting multiple answers in systematic way is out of line with rule (hidden answers are included in this count).

    Hiding an answer with disagrees and re-posting the same answer (thus "cleaning" the negative peer comments) would be out of line with rule .

    Hiding a wrong answer (even with disagrees) and posting a different one is valid, provided it is not done in a systematic way.

  • 3.8 - Will my hidden answers be visible in my list of answers?

    You will always be able to see the answers you have hidden in your list of KudoZ answers. Other users will only see your hidden answers if you have hidden 10% or more of your total answers (but no less than 20 answers).

    Hidden answers will figure under the Answered tab in the KudoZ activity section of profiles, with the link to the question, but with "Answer hidden by answerer" instead of the source and target term.

    They will also be added to the total count of Questions answered (shown on the main page of profiles) and in the statistics found in the KudoZ activity section.

  • 3.9 - What is the meaning of "no more than one answer per question" in KudoZ rule 3.1?

    Submitting an answer to a KudoZ question and then submitting one or more additional answers to the same question is discouraged (even if the original answer was hidden) and doing this in a systematic way is forbidden by the rules. Answerers can add as many comments as they want to their answers. Offering several terms together in the same answer (ANSWER1/ANSWER2/ANSWER3) is not forbidden, but discouraged, as it interferes with the glossary format.

  • 3.10 - ODPOVEÏ: Èo to znamená, keï je otázka oznaèená ako „bez bodového ohodnotenia“?

    Niektorí užívatelia sú presvedèení, že ude¾ovanie bodov KudoZ uberá z významu skúsenosti KudoZ. Takíto užívatelia majú možnos zadefinova túto otázku pri kladení ako otázku „bez bodového ohodnotenia“. Pri odpovedaní na takéto otázky nemožno získa body KudoZ.

  • 3.11 - ODPOVEÏ: Ak odpoviem na otázku „bez bodového ohodnotenia, objaví sa v histórii KudoZ na mojej stránke profilu?

    Áno. Takéto otázky budú ma farebné oznaèenie, ktoré signalizuje, že sa za ne neude¾ovali body.

  • 3.12 - ODPOVEÏ: Zlepšuje odpovedanie na otázky „bez bodového ohodnotenia“ moju pozíciu v rebríèku užívate¾ov s najvyšším poètom bodov KudoZ alebo v adresári prekladate¾ov

    Nie. Výhody odpovedania na otázky „bez bodového ohodnotenia“ nie sú technické, iba nepriame (uèenie sa, pomoc, vytváranie sietí atï.)

  • 3.13 - What does Confidence level show?

    Confidence level is the degree of certainty expressed by an answerer regarding his or her own answer. This information is provided by an answerer in the Kudoz Answer form. Confidence level is a required field and an answerer is suggested to select one of the 5 (five) possible confidence levels:

    Highest - I am sure
    Lowest - I am guessing

  • 3.14 - I don't know the answer to a KudoZ question, but I have some information that could help the asker. Where should I post this information?

    If you cannot think of an appropriate answer to a KudoZ question, but you have information that may help the asker or other participants to come up with a good translation, make a reference post by clicking on "Post reference" and include such relevant information.

    Note: Reference posts cannot be selected as most helpful and so no points cannot be awarded to reference posters.

  • 3.15 - I do not see the "Post reference" button in a KudoZ question. Why?

    Once you posted a Kudoz answer, you will not be able to post a reference. It is assumed that you put all the information in your Kudoz answer. This makes your answer a more useful resource, and ensures all the information is kept in one place.

    It is possible to post a reference and then an answer, but not possible to post an answer first and then a reference.

  • 3.16 - Under what conditions can an answerer use the discussion entries feature?

    Answerers can use the discussion entry to ask the asker for context information or to engage in linguistic discussions of some points of the question asked. In general, opinions on other answers should be provided in the peer grading interface while additional comments supporting their answers should be presented as comments in the answers themselves. Systematic use of the discussion entry to promote an answer provided will not be allowed.

  • 3.17 - How can I avoid answering questions from askers who tend to close their questions without grading them?

    You can see how many questions an asker has closed without grading by mousing over their name in a KudoZ question they have asked. (There is also an option to filter out questions from certain askers in the lists of questions.)

  • 3.18 -

  • Main - Top

  • 2.4 - Peer commenting

  • 4.1 - ODPOVEÏ: Môžem súhlasi s viac ako jednou odpoveïou na otázku?

    Áno. Odporúèame vám súhlasi so všetkými odpoveïami, ktoré považujete za správne. To isté platí v prípade nesúhlasu a nesprávnych odpovedí.

  • 4.2 - ODPOVEÏ: Èo sa stane, ak niekto nesúhlasí s odpoveïou?

    Nesúhlas je v skutoènosti iba signálnom danej osobe, ktorá položila otázku, o odpovedi na ktorú si vy (a možno aj iní) myslíte, že nie je správna, prièom pýtajúci sa môže slobodne rozhodnú, èi váš návrh bude alebo nebude akceptovat.

    Jediným „mechanickým“ úèinkom je, že, ak je otázka ohodnocovaná automaticky, nesúhlasné vyjadrenia sú v neprospech zvolenej odpovede.

  • 4.3 - ODPOVEÏ: Vložil som komentár kolegu a chcem odpoveda na otázku, ktorú som dostal. Je to možné?

    Nie. Viacnásobné vzájomné reakcie okolo každej odpovede nie sú z dôvodu násobiaceho sa rozdvojovania nadvädzujúcich príspevkov KudoZ povolené. Kolega môže komentova a odpovedajúci môže odpoveda. Vzájomné reakcie však týmto konèia. (Možnos upravova komentáre kolegov a odpovede na ne sa poskytuje iba na úcely úprav pravopisu, opravu nefunkèných odkazov alebo vykonávanie podobných zmien.) Dbajte na to, aby ste sa vyjadrili jasne a hutne, pretože máte iba jednu príležitos.

  • 4.4 - Vidím odkaz „upravi/odstráni“ komentár kolegu. Na èo slúži?

    Odkaz „upravi/odstráni“ vám umožòuje upravova váš komentár kolegu. Pamätajte prosím, že táto možnos sa poskytuje iba na úcely úprav pravopisu, opravu nefunkèných odkazov alebo vykonávanie podobných zmien.

  • 4.5 - Can I comment on an answerer's confidence level in my peer comment?

    No. Peer comments should be purely linguistic in nature (see KudoZ rule 3.5). Making comments or insinuations regarding an answerer's confidence level would not be in line with KudoZ rule 3.7.

  • Main - Top

  • 2.5 - KudoZ editors

  • 5.1 - ODPOVEÏ: Vidím, že niektorí užívatelia (nie moderátori) preklasifikovávajú, resp. odstraòujú otázky druhých. Na základe èoho sú títo èlenovia vybraní?

    Moderátori môžu vyzva èlenov/registrovaných užívate¾ov, ktorí dosiahli minimálne 500 bodov KudoZ, aby si preèítali usmernenia pre preklasifikovávanie a umlèanie a podstúpili krátky test. Tí, ktorí ho úspešné absolvujú, majú právo vykonáva úpravy týmito spôsobmi.

  • 5.2 - Is site moderation one of the responsibilities of KudoZ editors?

    No. KudoZ editors are site users who have been given the right to perform some editing functions on KudoZ questions, namely the change or reversion of KudoZ question language pairs, the removal of questions if these are not in line with site rules or if they are duplicated, and the change of KudoZ question fields.

    Moderators are site members who have volunteered to foster and protect the positive, results-oriented atmosphere that makes possible by greeting and guiding new participants in KudoZ and enforcing site rules in a consistent and structured manner.

    In no way are KudoZ editors entitled or expected to act as site moderators. KudoZ editors, just as site members, are required to contact staff or moderators to report any form of abuse.

  • 5.3 - ODPOVEÏ: Objavila sa mi možnos, ktorá mi umožòuje upravova otázky druhých. Preèo?

    Keï dosiahnete urèitý poèet bodob KudoZ (500), objavia sa vám urèité možnosti, umožòujúce vám opravovanie otázok vyvesených inými. Ak by otázka mala by zo španielèiny do angliètiny. avšak je uvedená ako z angliètiny do španielèiny, máte možnos urobi opravu.

  • 5.4 - I would like to apply to become a KudoZ editor. Can I?

    No, it is not possible to submit an application to become a KudoZ editor, an invitation has to be issued by a moderator or site staff.

  • 5.5 - Can KudoZ editors reclassify a question form PRO into non-PRO and vice versa?

    No, KudoZ editors and moderators will have to vote like any other member for the change of status of questions (instead of forcing this change of status.)

  • 5.6 - Does membership determine someone's eligibility to become a KudoZ editor?

    No, eligibility is not determined by membership status.

  • Main - Top

  • 2.6 - KudoZ notifications

  • 6.1 - ODPOVEÏ: Nedostávam nijaké e-mailové upovedomenia na KudoZ.

    Ak nedostávate nijaké e-mailové upozornenia na KudoZ, prièom ste ich nikdy ani nedostali, skontrolujte si nastavenia na stránke vášho profilu. Nebudete dostáva nijaké upovedomenia v prípade, že ste:
    - nezadali jazykové kombinácie
    - nezadali nijaké oblasti odbornosti
    - nezvolili e-mailové upovedomenia na KudoZ vo svojich e-mailových preferenciách.

    Ak ste dostávali upovedomenia a bez toho, že by ste nieèo zmenili, ste ich prestali dostáva, príèin môže by nieko¾ko:
    - predchádzajúce správy adresované vám boli vracané ako spam a vaša e-mailová adresa bola oznaèená ako zlá (skontrolujte si osobné údaje na stránke vášho profilu. Pred vašu adresu budú pridané znaky „xxx“'
    - je prítomný problém s e-mailovými upovedomeniami (Informácie získate skontrolovaním stránky stavu portálu)
    - ak váš ISP zmenil alebo pridal filtrovanie a filtrovanie bráni upozorneniam, aby k vám došli (známy je napr. problém s

    Ak sa vám po skontrolovaní vyššie uvedeného nepodarilo nájs, kde je problém, zadajte požiadavku na podporu s odkazom na minimálne jednu otázku KudoZ, na ktorú ste neboli upozornení.

  • 6.2 - ODPOVEÏ: Nedostávam všetky upovedomenia na KudoZ, ktoré by som mal dostáva.

    Keï vychádzajú von e-mailové upozornenia na otázky KudoZ, medzi zvažovanými kritériami sú: jazyková kombinácia, tematická oblas a úroveò obtiažnosti. Ak ste nedostali e-mailové upovedomenie o otázke zabezpeète, aby vaše nastavenia profilu a preferencie boli také, aby ste ich dostávali. Ak ste presvedèení o tom, že sú, odošlite prosím požiadavku na podporu, vrátane URL jednej alebo viacerých otázok KudoZ, o ktorých ste mali by upovedomení. Personál skontroluje, èi upozoròujúci e-mail urèený vám opustil alebo neopustil servery (Ak áno, potom je niekde prítomný problém, resp. môže dochádza k filtrovaniu u vášho ISP alebo vo vašom poèítaèi.)

  • 6.3 - ODPOVEÏ: Dostávam príliš ve¾a e-mailových upovedomení na KudoZ.

    Ak chcete zníži objem e-mailových upovedomení KudoZ, ktoré dostávate, pokúste sa zvoli menej tematických oblastí v preferenciách upovedomenia na KudoZ. Ak chcete zabezpeèi, aby vám prestali chodi e-mailové upovedomenia na KudoZ úplne, jednoducho zvo¾te možnos „Nie“ v prvej otázke na nástrojovom paneli KudoZ.

  • 6.4 - ODPOVEÏ: Niekedy dostávam otázky, ktoré na portáli nevidím, prièom niekedy vidím otázky, avšak o týchto som nebol informovaný e-mailom...

    Preferencie e-mailu a zobrazovania sa nastavujú zvl᚝. Preferencie e-mailu sa nastavujú prostredníctvom nástrojového panela a preferencie zobrazovania sa nastavujú prostredníctvom stránky so zoznamom KudoZ

  • 6.5 - ODPOVEÏ: Èo je to denný preh¾ad?

    Ide o správu, ktorá obsahuje krátky súhrn otázok, ktoré boli položené v priebehu dòa, a tiež užší zoznam ¾ubovo¾ných doterajších odpovedí na uvedené otázky.

  • 6.6 - ODPOVEÏ: Ako môžem dostáva upovedomenia KudoZ od svojho tímu?

    ¼ubovo¾ní èlenovia vášho tímu môžu vyvesi otázku KudoZ súkromne vášmu tímu. Ak chcete dostáva upovedomenia pre tieto druhy otázok, jediné èo potrebujete na to je, aby boli zapnuté vaše upovedomenia a aby ste medzi jazykovými pármi, v ktorých pracujete, resp. sú predmetom vášho záujmu mali uvedenú danú jazykovú kombináciu.

  • 6.7 - Can I track a particular KudoZ question?

    Yes. If you are a paying member you can track any KudoZ question. For each question you will see a track setting box in the left navigation column of the page which looks like this:

    When you check this box and click on save, you will receive a notification each time a reference post or an answer is posted.

    Also, there is a selection box in the discussion area that allows the tracking of the discussion entries of a particular question:

    When you select the "track question" box, the "track discussion" will also be selected. You can then de-select any of them independently.

    When you post a reference comment, an answer or a discussion entry, the "track discussion" box is selected. If you de-select it once it will no longer be automatically selected again in this question.

  • 6.8 - How can I get notifications when a certain person asks a KudoZ question?

    In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user asks a KudoZ question you have to "flag" this asker as follows:

    In your top drop-down menu select KudoZ -> Dashboard

    On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"

    This is the box used for flagging askers. In this case no asker has been flagged yet:

    To flag an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Flag asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search" to open a search tool:

    In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:

    Once the asker was flagged, it will look like this in your dashboard page:

    And it will look like this when the flagged asker posts a question:

    Notification will be sent to you of flagged askers' questions, even when they do not match your notification settings.

  • 6.9 - I don't want notifications of a particular person's questions-- what can I do?

    If you become convinced that a certain member is not likely to ask questions that are of interest to you, you may opt to "filter" that member's questions (regardless of your notification settings.)

    To do so you should select KudoZ -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu:

    On the left panel of your KudoZ dashboard, select the option "Asker flags & filters"

    This is the box used for filtering askers. In this case no asker has been filtered yet:

    To filter an asker you should enter the user's ID in the corresponding box and pres "Filter asker". If you don't know this number you should click on the link "Search answerers" to open a search tool:

    In this case a search by name brings the user's ID and username:

    Once the asker was filtered, it will look like this in your dashboard page:

    And it will look like this when the filtered asker posts a question:

    Notification will NOT be sent to you of filtered askers' questions, even when they do match your notification settings. Also, these questions will not be shown to you when you select KudoZ - Answer questions, even when they match your selection criteria.

  • 6.10 - How can I get notifications when a certain user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment?

    In order to get a notification every time a certain registered user posts a KudoZ answer or reference comment you have get this user's authorization to track his/her answers. To do so:

    In your top drop-down menu select My -> Dashboard

    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"

    In the answerer tracking page you can click on "Search for answerer" and enter the corresponding information on name, username of profile number and then click on "Search" and on the found profile name.

    At this point the dashboard will show the corresponding profile number and username. You may send a personalized message before sending the request by means of the "track answerer" button.

    You can also start this procedure by clicking on the "track this answerer" in an answer or reference comment posted by this user:

    After submitting the request, the dashboard will record it as pending:

    While the request is pending, you will see a special message in each answer or reference comment posted by this user:

    Once your request was accepted, the dashboard will show the following indication:

    If you want to stop tracking this user, click on "remove".

    You will also see the following in each answer or reference comment posted by the user you are tracking:

    You will receive a notification each time this user posts an answer or a reference comment.

  • 6.11 - What are my options for the KudoZ tracking feature?

    There are three basic conditions that you can configure selecting My -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :

    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"

    In the box "Who can track you" on the right side of the dashboard you can select the following options:

    * Allow anyone to track my answers: requests will be automatically approved.
    * Ask me for permission on a case-by-case basis: you will be asked each time a request is received.
    * Do not allow anyone to track my answers: all requests will be automatically rejected

  • 6.12 - A user asked for authorization to track my KudoZ answers. Why would someone want to do this?

    While the motives could be different for each user, two likely reasons to do so would be (a) to learn from someone who is good in a certain field of expertise or (b) to evaluate a translator for possible future collaborations. Remember that you can revoke the right to track your answers at any time.

  • 6.13 - A site user would like to track my answers, what should I do?

    To work on your answer tracking options, select My -> Dashboard in your top drop-down menu :

    In the dashboard page select "Answerer tracking"

    On this page you will see the notification that you have a pending request to be tracked by a colleague and, on the right side, the identity and message from the colleague willing who sent the request:

    This right side panel allows you to approve or decline the request. If you chose to approve it you will be asked for a confirmation:

    Note that you can at this point select the option "Allow anyone else who wants to track my answers to do so as well", so that further requests will be automatically approved.

    Once you approved one or more users for tracking your answers, you will find them at the table of colleagues tracking you:

    This panel allows you to revoke individually the permission to track your answers granted to any of those colleagues.

  • 6.14 - How can I be notified of KudoZ questions in other language pairs?

    To be notified of questions asked in language pairs you do not want to list as working language pairs in your profile, just report the language pairs in question as interest language pairs.

    To do so, go to your Profile Updater and report your 'non-working' language pairs in the Languages section.

    Once reported, click on Edit next to each language pair just added and select I only have an interest in this pair, do not show it in my profile. Remember to save all the changes you apply.

    Finally, go to your KudoZ dashboard and set your KudoZ notifications preferences for these language pairs as you have done for your working language pairs.

  • 6.15 - I want to get Kudoz notifications for opposite language pairs to my working languages.

    First, indicate direct pairs as "working" and reverse pairs as "interest" in your Profile Updater . Then, use these parameters to set up notifications settings.

  • Main - Top

  • 3 - Glossary-building KudoZ

  • 3.1 - What is the purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?

    The primary purpose of this new question type is to enable the community to together find the best translation of a given term into a given language, and to incorporate the term and its translation into an authoritative glossary which will be made available openly under the Creative Commons "by" license ("CC-by").

    A secondary purpose of the new format is to provide opportunities for KudoZ participation (along with the associated benefits of networking, learning and professional differentiation), in pairs and fields in which few questions are currently asked.

  • 3.2 - How do glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) work?

    A glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) 'transaction' involves three steps:

    (1) Posting: A term is posted by an authorized person for translation into one or more pairs. A definition and one or more example sentences are included with the question. Notification of the GBK-type question is sent to interested and qualified site users.

    (2) "Speciality" stage: During the 72 hours following the posting, qualified parties are able to suggest translations including terms, definitions, example sentences and optionally references. These parties will also be able to post peer comments and grading on the answers provided.

    (3) At the end of the submission period the system will attempt to close the question. If successful, a notification will be sent to the person who posted the selected answer, 4 points will be assigned to that answer (unless the question was posted as not-for-points) and a glossary entry will be created and stored. If closing proves impossible, notifications will be sent to all interested and qualified parties and a "working" phase will last until the peer-grading received allows for the closure of the question.

  • 3.3 - Who can participate in the glossary-building KudoZ (GBK) questions?

    Participation in a GBK question, including answering, posting references and grading, is limited during the first 72 hours to site users who (1) Have the corresponding field(s) of expertise among their "speciality" fields. (2) Have the corresponding language pair or the reverse pair among their working ones. (3) Are native in either source or target languages.

    During the "working" phase (questions still open after the first 72-hours period) participation is extended to site users who satisfy the language pair and native language criteria and have the field of expertise among their working ones.

    All users can post discussion entries.

  • 3.4 - Why is the participation limited in glossary-building KudoZ?

    The purpose of the glossary-building KudoZ is to coordinate the efforts of willing members of the community in building up an authoritative glossary of terms and their translations in many languages and fields. With a focus on the quality of the resulting glossary entries and ample time for submission and selection of answers, it was decided to limit participation to specialists in the field and language pair.

  • 3.5 - Why are these limitations not applied to "help term" KudoZ as well?

    The main goal of "term help" KudoZ is to provide those in need of translation assistance with access to timely help. Therefore the access is open to allow the participation of anybody willing and able to help. The asker selects the most helpful among the responses received (and awards points for it).

  • 3.6 - What are the additional fields of expertise?

    A GBK has a main field of expertise and may have one or more additional fields of expertise. These additional field are also included in the filter (notifications and access to the question).

    For instance a question with primary field "telecommunications" may also be related to "computers: software" and to "Computers: systems, networks"

    This will be only related to notifications and access (and in the future to searches in the glossary). The corresponding KudoZ points will be assigned to the primary field.

    The additional fields are included in the GBK term searches.

  • 3.7 - I added in my profile the specialty field needed to answer a GBK question but I still can't answer it.

    Users who adds a new "specialty" field of expertise to their profiles will not be provided access to GBK filtered by this particular field for 72 hours after implementing this change. This aims to preventing users from modifying their profiles in order to "follow" the specialties requested in the questions.

    This restriction will not apply to profiles created less than a month ago.

  • 3.8 - How are GBK questions graded?

    At the end of the 72-hours submission phase (and periodically if the question entered in a selection phase) an 'auto-grading robot' makes its selection based on the net number of peer 'agrees' received by each answer, according to the following rules:
    * To be considered, an answer must have at least two "net agrees" (agrees minus disagrees).
    * The answer with the highest number of net agrees is selected.
    * If two answers have the same number of net agrees, the one posted by the answerer with the corresponding language pair ranked higher is selected.
    * If still undecided, the alternative entered latest is selected. The logic behind this criterion is that all those agreed to the second answer have seen the first one and still voted for the second, therefore preferring the second answer, while those that voted for the first one may not have seen the second answer when voted.

  • 3.9 - The submission period for a GBK question has ended and the question is still open. Can I still submit a translation?

    Yes. Answers can be posted during the "working" period, or even after the question has been closed.

  • 3.10 - Can I provide more than one answer as different options when answering a GBK question?

    Answerers in GBK can provide more than one answer to the same term, as this is the proper way to offer synonyms. In this case the example sentence(s) should include the term offered in each answer.

  • 3.11 - Can I post more than one term in my answer to a GBK question?

    No. Even if you know two or more different terms to answer a GBK question you should provide only one of them in your answer, the one used in the example sentence(s).

    If you know synonyms or other possible interpretations of the term asked besides the one you already offered in your answer, you can provide additional answer(s), each containing just a term, and with definition and example sentences related to that term.

  • 3.12 - Is it OK to to answer a GBK question suggesting the same term already offered in another answer?

    Yes. A GBK answer includes a term, a definition and at least one example sentence. The term is only a part of the answer, and it could happen that the second answer offering the same term includes, for instance, a better definition.

    Time should not play such a central role in GBK, where a better answer should be more relevant than a faster one.

  • 3.13 - I want (or do not want) to receive notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?

    You should un-check (check) the option "Ignore glossary-building questions " and click on "Save settings" in the KudoZ dashboard.

  • 3.14 - I want to receive only notifications about GBK questions, what should I do?

    You should select the option Asker type = "Glossary-building questions " in the KudoZ dashboard.

  • 3.15 - How are the GBK questions created?

    "Glossary-building KudoZ concepts" are selected from current KudoZ entries or from other sources, and are edited to make sure they have the proper terms, definitions and examples of use. This is currently being done in English, but other languages could be added later.

    This is being currently done by site staff, but in the future this task will be performed by site members who will be part of a "GBK (Glossary-building KudoZ) team".

  • 3.16 - There is no "neutral" option in the peer comments. How can I leave a comment to the answerer?

    If you are allowed to provide a peer-comment, then you should be able to post a note to the answerer by using the link provided at the bottom of the answer.

    The messages posted will be visible above the voting area of the question:

  • 3.17 - What is the "Glossary-building KudoZ questions" box displayed in the home page? Can I customize what I see there?

    Users who meet the criteria to answer GBK questions and have a minimum of 5 or 10 open questions available to answer (selectable) will be presented with a box displaying a randomly selected open question.

    Like many other home page features, users can select not to see this box, or customize its position by clicking the "customize" link on the feature or selecting
    "My" -> "My settings" -> "Site settings"

  • Main - Top

  • 4 - Glossaries

  • 4.1 - How do I create a glossary?

    To add a new glossary to the My glossary section, just click on 'Enter terms' and complete the entry addition form. Note that in order to create a new glossary at least one term must be entered (and from this term the glossary will be created). If no glossary name is specified in the entry addition form, then the term will be added to your glossary but not to a specific one (i.e. no new glossary will be generated).

  • 4.2 - Ako pridať termín do slovníka?

    1. Choďte na Váš Profil2. Zvoľte "Vložiť termín" v záhlaví slovníka (ľavá kolónka profilu)

  • 4.3 - Ako natiahnem existujúci slovník?

    Iba čistý text v štandardnom formáte slovníka môže byť natiahnutý. Textové dokumenty, RTF súbory, alebo iný než čistý text formát nebudú pracovať. Maximálna povolená veľkosť súboru je 2MB. Ak máte súbor slovníka väčší než 2MB, prosím rozdeľte ho na menšie súbory.
    Poznámka: Slovníky by mali byť vo formáte:
    východiskový termíncieľový termínPoznámkyURL
    (Poznámky a URL sú nepovinné.)

    1. Choďte na Váš Profil
    2. Kliknite na Vaše meno
    3. Zvoľte "Vložiť termíny" pod Slovníkom
    4. Zvoľte "Natiahnúť Vaše slovníky!" na spodu stránky.

  • 4.4 - Ako upravím slovník alebo existujúci termín?

    Všimnite si, že tieto inštrukcie sú aplikujúce iba na termíny vo Vašich osobných slovníkoch. Termíny v KudoZ slovníku na portáli môžu byť upravované iba moderátorom. Ak chcete navrhnúť zmenu termínu v slovníku na portáli, môžete kontaktovať príslušného moderátora na základe zoznam moderátorov.

    Upraviť existujúci termím:

    1. Choďte na Môj
    2. Kliknite Môj slovník
    3. Kliknite na názov slovníka, kde sa daný termín nachádza
    4. Kliknite na daný termín
    5. Kliknite 'Upraviť alebo pridať info k tomuto termínu' na spodu stránky
    6. Upravte existujúcu informáciu alebo pridajte novú, a kliknite tlačítko "Vložiť" pre uchovanie vykonaných zmien

    Upraviť názov slovníka:

    1. Choďte na Môj
    2. Kliknite Môj slovník
    3. Kliknite na odkaz [Premenovať] vedľa slovníka, ktorého názov chcete upraviť

  • 4.5 - How can I rename a personal glossary?

    In the new site menu the "My glossary" section can be found if you mouseover your site name at the top of the screen and selecting the "My glossary" section under the "More" section of the drop down menu being displayed.

    If you are using the old site menu to rename a glossary you should:

    1. Go to My

    2. Click on My Glossary

    3. Click on the [Rename] link, next to the glossary you want to edit.

  • 4.6 - Can I transfer my glossaries to my computer and/or print them?

    No, for the time being it is not possible to download or print your glossaries.

  • 4.7 - Ako presuniem terním z jedného slovíka do druhého?

    1. Choďte na Váš Profilovú stránku2. Kliknite názov slovníka, kde sa daný termín nachádza
    3. Kliknite na daný termín
    4. Kliknite 'Upraviť alebo pridať info k tomuto termínu' na spodu stránky.
    5. V zozname 'Vašich slovníkov' z robalovacej lišty môžete potom zmeniť, do ktorého slovníka bude termín patriť. Môžete ho presunúť do iného slovníka, alebo vytvoriť nový slovník, do ktorého bude daný termím pridaný.

  • 4.8 - How can I merge my glossaries?

    Please submit a support request informing which glossaries should be merged.

  • 4.9 - How can I send/receive glossaries through my profile?

    You can send and/or receive glossary files using the Send file (beta)... tool in profiles.

    You will find more information about the Send file (beta)... option here.

  • 4.10 - How can I remove an existing glossary?

    To remove a glossary you have created from the My glossary section, just click on "[Delete]" next to the glossary name in the "Glossaries" box at the top of the glossaries page. A message will show asking you to confirm the removal. Just click on 'Yes' so that your glossary is removed.

  • 4.11 - I cannot find my glossary at user glossaries page. What should I do?

    Please submit a support request, reporting the name of your glossary and the field you had selected for it. You may also specify the page used to add terms to your glossary in the support request.

  • 4.12 - Can I create a trilingual glossary?

    There is no such possibility. Only bilingual glossaries are possible.

  • Main - Top

  • 5 - GlossPost

  • 5.1 - What is GlossPost?

    GlossPost is a searchable database of links to glossaries on the Internet. It has been compiled by members of and the YahooGroup of the same name created in February 2000 by Brazilian translator and conference interpreter Maria Eugenia Farre. The database is maintained by a group of volunteer moderators, however any member can search the database or submit new glossary URLs.

  • 5.2 - What are the goals driving GlossPost at

    We have three main goals:

    - To create an online terminology resource with searching capabilities specifically designed for the needs of translators.
    - To enlarge the database by benefiting from the collaborative spirit of users.
    - To ensure the accessibility of GlossPost and honor the commitment of providing a free and useful resource for translators across the globe.

  • 5.3 - What are the possibilities created by the collaboration between GlossPost and

    In brief: creating a larger database of glossary URLs, with addresses in more language combinations, annotated by translators. Since its inception, GlossPost has attracted mostly translators specializing in Western languages. Since is a huge multilingual community with active participants across the whole linguistic spectrum, we hope that translators of other languages will also feel compelled to add links to the glossaries they use in their daily work to the benefit of all.

    We also hope to contribute with the expertise acquired in moderating GlossPost to make the new site a useful and efficient online terminology resource.

  • 5.4 - How many links from the original GlossPost archives have been included?

    At launch, approximately 1,600 links from the archives have been included automatically. This doesn't cover the entire GlossPost original database, but there are plans to import more links in the future, as time permits.

  • 5.5 - Will the links in the GlossPost database at be checked to prevent dead pages and repeat URLs?

    In our new home at, we want to address all the concerns and issues that affected GlossPost subscribers in the past. Link rot is one of them, and we are not the only sufferers. The GlossPost URLs at will be checked periodically using an automated function to make sure that the database remains as current as possible. Also, manual editing of the URLs has been made possible. Links can be checked and marked good or bad, made invisible or visible to other users by the users themselves and also by the moderators. Incomplete entries can be supplemented by addition information from other users.

  • 5.6 - What are the searching capabilities included in the GlossPost database at

    The searching capabilities have been greatly improved. At the new database, users will be able to browse the glossary URLs, search by keyword, language combination, discipline or BSO category. For obvious reasons, the ability to search by language combination was one of the most common requests received from GlossPost subscribers. A feature enabling automated announcements of glossary URLs in the language combinations specified by users is also being studied.

  • 5.7 - How can I contribute to the expansion of this glossary database?

    By posting the URLs of glossaries, dictionaries and other terminology resources you find on the web.

    You can also contribute to this initiative by editing and verifying the links included in the database (this option may or may not be available, depending on your site activity level). Also, since the project has just been kicked off, it will be extremely valuable to get as much feedback as possible about the design and results the searchers are getting. Please send your feedback to support.

  • 5.8 - What is the posting procedure?

    The posting form can be found here.

    The fields are:

    URL: enter the URL for the resource (glossary, terminology database or dictionary)
    Title: enter a title for the resource, e.g. Hydrology Glossary or Dog Breeds or Turkish Language Dictionary
    Source: enter the source for the resource, e.g. or Association of Dog Breeders of America or Academie Francaise
    Comment: enter useful comments pertaining to the URL, e.g. "reliable translations", "single-page glossary", "downloadable as .pdf", "watch your step, contains typos".
    Source Language: select the source language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button.
    Target Language: select the target language(s) from the list. If many languages are included, as is commonly the case with EU resources, you can select the All/Many languages radio button.
    Disciplines: select one or more disciplines, as you would when submitting a KudoZ question.
    BSO Category: select one or more BSO categories

    When you have completed the fields you want to add, press the Submit button. It's not necessary to fill in all the fields, but if possible, try to fill in as many as you can. This will help us build a better database and enable you to get more precise results in the future. Note, however, that some fields are mandatory and marked with a * for your convenience. Your entry will not be vetted before you have completed the mandatory fields.

  • 5.9 - In what language should I post?

    The GlossPost moderator suggests and encourages users to post in English. However, we realize that this may not always be possible, due to multiculturalism considerations. Comments in other languages are considered OK, but for the benefit of all and better search results, try to include at least a few words in English in the keyword field and/or give a title to the glossary in English.

  • 5.10 - As a user, will I get any benefits from posting glossaries?

    Yes! Members will be awarded 10 browniz points for each URL submitted, and 5 browniz points for each edited entry. The name of the poster and editor will be acknowledged when URLs are displayed.

  • 5.11 - How can I report bugs or send suggestions?

    Feedback is always welcome. Please send an e-mail to support.

  • 5.12 - What will happen to the GlossPost list at Yahoogroups?

    The GlossPost list at Yahoogroups will be eventually phased out and replaced by the new resource at For the time being, however, it will continue to run under the moderatorship of Maria Eugenia Farre. There will also be some forwarding of links from GlossPost at Yps and the Translator Resources Forum to GlossPost at However, GlossPost subscribers and Translator Resources Forum users are encouraged to post their new finds to GlossPost at

  • 5.13 - Where can I learn more about the history of GlossPost?

    This interview with GlossPost creator Maria Eugenia Farre contains more information on the list's history.

  • Main - Top

  • 6 - Wikiwords

  • 6.1 - What is Wikiwords?

    Wikiwords is a collaborative project to create a dictionary of all terms in all languages with definitions and example sentences. More information about this initiative can be found here:

  • 6.2 - How is Wikiwords affiliated with

    Wikiwords was created and maintained by However, active support for this service is no longer offered by staff.

  • 6.3 - What should I do if I can't find a term in Wikiwords?

    If you can't find a term in Wikiwords, try using the term search or ask a KudoZ question.

  • Main - Top

  • 7 -

  • Main - Top

    Request help

    Site documentation

    The member services and support team
    Maria D
    Enrique Manzo
    Hayjor Roca
    Rocío Tempone
    Rocio Palacios

    Your current localization setting


    Select a language

    All of
    • All of
    • Vyhľadávanie termínov
    • Zákazky
    • Fóra
    • Multiple search